What Is Vitiligo? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Have you ever encountered people whose skin tends to lose its original color and become white with time? It is a commonly seen skin condition known as Vitiligo. In this condition, a particular skin area becomes discolored or pigmented. Although it is not contagious, it affects confidence and self-esteem. 

If you’re also experiencing changes in your skin color or noticing lighter patches, this article will mention everything you need to know about hamilton square Vitiligo. This article will discuss Vitiligo, its causes, treatment, and symptoms in detail. 

So, without any further delay, let’s get started! 

What Is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a condition where a specific part of the skin loses its color and becomes white. This happens because the cells responsible for maintaining the skin color get destroyed. 

Vitiligo can affect any body part; however, it is mainly developed in areas like the nostrils, back of the eye, genitals, feet, hands, face, and neck. This condition can also affect your hair and scalp by turning it gray. 

Since it is not contagious, people suffering from it cannot pass it on to anyone else. This condition can occur to anyone, anytime, and it is more visible in individuals with tanned or dark skin color. 

Symptoms Of Vitiligo

  • White patches on the skin 
  • Whitening of eyebrows, eyelashes, and facial hair
  • Premature graying  
  • Losing color of the inner lining of the lips and nose. 

Causes Of Vitiligo 

The cause of Vitiligo is unknown! No specific theory or study proves the exact cause of this condition. There are specific possible causes, including: 

  • Genetics: According to a survey, 20% of vitiligo cases worldwide are due to genetic factors. 
  • Autoimmune Response: If the body’s immune system kills the cell responsible for maintaining the skin color results in Vitiligo. 
  • Environmental Factors: Environmental conditions like sun exposure, emotional distress, or chemical exposure lead to Vitiligo. 
  • Oxidative Stress: An imbalance of antioxidants and oxygen molecules in the body causes Vitiligo.  

Treatment Of Vitiligo 

1. Medical Treatments

Medical treatment includes topical creams and oral medications, which effectively treat Vitiligo. Generally, the effects of medical treatments are seen after three months. 

2. Surgical Treatments

In case medication does not work, surgical treatments are recommended. It includes skin grafting, where the surgeon adds your other body part’s pigmented and healthy skin to discolored areas. The healing period of such surgeries ranges from 3 to 5 months, based on the severity of the condition. 

3. Management Options

To reduce the effects of Vitiligo, doctors suggest using sunblock daily to avoid direct contact with harmful sunlight. Self-tanning and makeup lotions are also used to even out the skin tone. 

Wrapping Up!

Vitiligo is a common skin problem where the skin’s natural color fades away or becomes white. According to studies, nearly 20% of vitiligo cases are recorded due to genetics. Although it does not transfer, it does include possible risk factors like thyroid diseases, diabetes, psoriasis, and Addison’s diseases. Therefore, if you’re noticing symptoms, visit your health expert today. 

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